Scientists believe the remnant, called W49B, is the result of a rare type of explosion.
Normally, when a star ends its life cycle its central region collapses, triggering a supernova explosion that is symmetrical in shape, with debris moving away in even amounts in all directions.
In the case of the W49B supernova, material near the poles ejected at a faster speed, resulting in a highly-distorted supernova remnant that appears to be housing the galaxy's youngest black hole.
It is believed to be about 1,000 years old and 26,000 light years from Earth.
"W49B is the first of its kind to be discovered in the galaxy," said study lead Laura Lopez of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in a statement.
"It appears its parent star ended its life in a way that most others don't."
Supernova explosions aren't entirely understood. Scientists hope this peculiar case may provide new insight into how they unfurl -- while supplying some clues about black hole formation.
"It's a bit circumstantial, but we have intriguing evidence the W49B supernova also created a black hole," said co-author Daniel Castro, also of MIT, in a statement.
"If that is the case, we have a rare opportunity to study a supernova responsible for creating a young black hole."