As we move into the month of November, forecasters will be keeping a close eye on storm systems around the Great Lakes.
These storms, which often include very strong winds, are sometimes referred to as the 'November Witches.' They are often connected to shipwrecks in the Great Lakes.
“November witches are intense Fall storms where warmer air clashes with much colder air from the north,” says Dayne Vettese, a meteorologist at The Weather Network. “As they track over the great lakes they can intensify, bringing anything from blizzard-like conditions to tornadoes.”
Here are some of the most infamous storms to roar across the Great Lakes.
THE EDMUND FITZGERALD - 1975
In November 1975, a system with incredibly low pressure brought stormy conditions to the Great Lakes. Among the ships caught in the storm was the Edmund Fitzgerald on Lake Superior. A 7 p.m. on November 10, the ship vanished from radar screen. The Edmund Fitzgerald sank, bringing all 29 crew with it.
ARMISTICE STORM - 1940
The Armistice Day Storm, on November 11, 1940, tore across the Midwest region of the United States. Temperatures dropped sharply and were followed by powerful winds, rain, ice pellets and snow. Record low pressure was recorded in Wisconsin and Minnesota. A total of 154 deaths were blamed on the storm.
WHITE HURRICANE - 1913
The Great Lakes Storm of 1913, also known as “White Hurricane,” was a blizzard with hurricane-force winds that devastated the U.S. Midwest, the Great Lakes Basin and the province of Ontario. 250 people died and 19 ships were destroyed. It is often referred to as the deadliest and most destructive natural disaster to ever hit the lakes.
THE OHIO BLIZZARD OF 1978
On January 26, 1978, a blizzard struck the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes region. Up until then, it was the the lowest non-tropical atmospheric pressure ever recorded in the mainland United States. 51 people died as a result of the storm, and more than 50,000 members of the Ohio National Guard were called in. During this storm, the Ohio Turnpike was shut down for the first time ever.